Forecast Expired - 12/23/2022

Above 4,000ftConsiderable

2,000 to 4,000ftConsiderable

Below 2,000ftModerate

The Avy Rose shows the forecasted danger by elevation and aspect.

It adds more detail about where you are likely to find the dangers mentioned in the forecast. The inner circle shows upper elevations (mountain top), the second circle is middle elevations, and the outer circle represents lower elevations.

Think of the Rose as a birds-eye view of a mountain, looking down from above. The rose allows our forecasters to visually show you which parts of the mountain they are most concerned about.


Degrees of Avalanche Danger

Avalanche Problems

Problem 1

Wind Slab:

Winds through the Lowe river valley and Thompson Pass were stronger than forecasted on 12/21.  This alongside light to moderate low density snowfall has built shallow surface wind slabs.  These will be initially sensitive to human triggers up to 1 foot in depth on lee aspects above 2000′ for the Intermountain and Continental zones.  Weather was more mild in the Port of Valdez on 12/21 making the likelihood less for this avalanche problem, although it remains possible.  Asses the hazard of this avalanche problem by paying attention to what slopes are loaded, how deep and their sensitivity.  Watch for signs of instability such as shooting cracks and collapsing that would indicate a slope has the potential to produce an avalanche.


Outflow (North) winds are forecasted to gain a lot of strength overnight and may reach speeds of 70 mph at ridge tops.  The light density snow will be vaporized in areas that receive the strongest winds while more protected areas will see wind slabs building in depth.


  • Almost Certain
  • Very Likely
  • Likely
  • Possible
  • Unlikely


  • Historic
  • Very Large
  • Large
  • Small


  • Increasing
  • Steady
  • Decreasing

Problem 2

Persistent Slab:

Faceted snow near the base of the snowpack has been identified in all three forecast zones. In most locations above brush line, faceted snow is capped by pencil-knife hard wind affected snow.  This has created a strong bridging affect making a person or machines weight unlikely to directly affect these layers. 

Our area received 3-4 inches of snow water equivalent over a 5 day period beginning 12/11.  This put significant stress on these weak layers.  Natural avalanches did occur, but activity was not widespread and natural avalanches were mostly confined to the storm snow.  This points to the strength of the wind hardened snow overlying the weak facets at the base of our snowpack. 

It has been five days since the last significant snowfall event and stability tests that directly target these layers have not produced propagation since.  One exception was an interior location  just north of our continental forecast zone where propagation in stability tests still existed on 12/18.

Persistent weak layers are tricky to assess and are notorious for surprising people.  As long as temperatures remain cold and our snowpack is thin, these weak layers will continue to lose strength.  It is likely that facets will reactivate in the future when stress is being applied through dramatic changes in weather such as: significant snow accumulation, rapid warming and wind loading.  Maintaining safe travel protocols such as skiing one at a time and avoiding traveling in or above terrain traps will increase your safety margin.  

 The most likely areas to trigger a persistent slab avalanche would be in steep terrain that was protected from previous strong winds that have occurred this season. This could be below brushline or in areas of terrain that are typically spared from outflows.  The Continental zone remains suspect as this area has a weaker snowpack and generally receives less wind, which would decrease the bridging affect mentioned above.




  • Almost Certain
  • Very Likely
  • Likely
  • Possible
  • Unlikely


  • Historic
  • Very Large
  • Large
  • Small


  • Increasing
  • Steady
  • Decreasing

Avalanche Activity

Below is a summary of observed Avalanche activity from the last 7 days.  Avalanches that were noted earlier in the season can be viewed by clicking the link below.

If you trigger or observe a natural avalanche consider leaving a  public observation.

Valdez Avalanche Activity

12/15- DOT avalanche control work produced several D2-2.5 avalanches from upper elevations of Hogsback and South Three Pigs.  Step downs were noted with one slide suspected of failing at the ground. 

Natural D2-2.5 avalanche activity was observed on Python Buttress north aspect, Berlin Wall northeast aspect, Averys southwest aspect and Girls mountain just above Worthington glacier southwest aspect picture below.  There was also a significant amount of avalanche activity in Keystone canyon (Bridal Veil photo below) with at least 1 deep crown reported on the ice climb Gunnison.  Most of the avalanches observed involved only storm snow with only a few step downs observed.  Exceptions to this include DOT control work and the keystone canyon slide noted above.



Check out our updated weather tab!  A collection of local weather stations are available for viewing with graphs and tabular data included.

NWS Watches and warnings

Northeast Prince William Sound-
Including the cities of Valdez and Thompson Pass
435 AM AKST Thu Dec 22 2022


* WHAT...Very cold wind chills expected. Wind chills as low as
  50 below zero.

* WHERE...Thompson Pass.

* WHEN...From 1 AM Friday to 1 PM AKST Saturday.

* IMPACTS...The dangerously cold wind chills could cause
  frostbite on exposed skin in as little as 5 minutes.

* ADDITIONAL DETAILS...Northeast winds 30 to 45 mph with gusts to
  60 mph may result in areas of blowing and drifting snow through
  Thompson Pass. Any blowing snow may reduce visibility.

NWS Point forecast for Thompson Pass
Areas of blowing snow. Mostly sunny, with a high near -2. Wind chill values as low as -35. North wind 20 to 25 mph, with gusts as high as 35 mph.
Areas of blowing snow. Partly cloudy, with a low around -12. Wind chill values as low as -40. North wind 30 to 35 mph increasing to 40 to 45 mph after midnight. Winds could gust as high as 55 mph.
Areas of blowing snow. Sunny, with a temperature falling to around -16 by 3pm. Wind chill values as low as -50. North wind 45 to 50 mph, with gusts as high as 65 mph.
Friday Night
A 50 percent chance of snow after midnight. Areas of blowing snow. Mostly cloudy, with a low around -16. Wind chill values as low as -50. Northeast wind 40 to 45 mph, with gusts as high as 55 mph.
Snow, mainly before 3pm. Areas of blowing snow. High near -4. Northeast wind 40 to 45 mph decreasing to 30 to 35 mph in the afternoon. Winds could gust as high as 55 mph. Chance of precipitation is 90%.
Saturday Night
A 50 percent chance of snow before midnight. Areas of blowing snow. Mostly cloudy, with a low around -8. Northeast wind 25 to 30 mph, with gusts as high as 40 mph.
Detailed forecast for Thompson Pass Mid elevation (2000-4000 Feet)
Date               Thursday 12/22/22       Friday 12/23/22         
Time (LT)          06    12    18    00    06    12    18    00    06
Cloud Cover        SC    SC    SC    SC    FW    FW    BK    OV    OV
Cloud Cover (%)    35    35    40    35    10    20    65    95    95
Temperature        -5    -4    -3    -8   -10   -12   -14   -13   -10
Max/Min Temp                   -2         -14          -6         -15
Wind Dir           NE    NE    NE    NE    NE    NE    NE    NE    NE
Wind (mph)         10    11    17    23    32    33    31    28    27
Wind Gust (mph)    34    29    34    48    63    61    50    54    52
Precip Prob (%)     0     0     0     0     0     0     5    30    60
Precip Type                                                   S     S
12 Hour QPF                  0.00        0.00        0.00        0.05
12 Hour Snow                  0.0         0.0         0.0         0.0
Snow Level (kft)  0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0
Click on link below for Thompson Pass weather history graph:






24 hr snow HN24W* High temp Low temp 72 hour SWE* December snowfall Seasonal snowfall Snowpack Depth
Valdez Trace 12 5 .1 50 85 38
Thompson pass  1 .03 -12 -22 .12 73 175 32
46 mile N/O N/O -10 -20 N/O ~22 ~29** 27



*HN24W- 24 hour Snow water equivalent in inches

*SWESnow water equivalent

**46 mile seasonal snowfall total begins December 1st.

Additional Information


Click on the link below for a running summary of this seasons weather history of our area.

Valdez Weather History


The avalanche hazard is Considerable above 2000 feet for the Intermountain and Continental zones. 2-4 inches of low density snow over the last 48 hours along with moderate – strong north winds has formed fresh wind slabs.  These will be sensitive to human triggers up to 1 foot deep.  The hazard will be increasing as the wind gains strength over the next 24 hours and build deeper slabs.

Posted by Gareth Brown 12/22  7:30am.


For a description of current avalanche problems, weather information, season history and more click the (+ full forecast) button.  Avalanche forecasts will be issued Wednesday-Sunday.