Haines Avalanche Center

Forecast as of 2019-02-22 at 06:00 am and expires on 2019-02-22

Above 2,500ftConsiderable

1,500 to 2,500ftConsiderable

Below 1,500ftConsiderable

Degrees of Avalanche Danger

Avalanche Problems

Problem Details

Problem #1: Storm Snow

Location: All aspects and elevations, but especially top-loaded and cross-loaded terrain. Slopes 28-degrees and steeper.

5-12" of new snow (highest amounts in the Lutak zone) fell yesterday onto a weak upper snowpack, and strong NW winds at the end of the storm likely built up fresh storm slabs on SW-S-SE-E aspects. These slabs will be poorly bonded, and tender to human triggers. Human-triggered avalanches will be likely, and avalanche terrain should still be avoided. Some of these slabs could be 30-60cm thick in wind loaded terrrain. They will be sliding on the new/old snow interface where weak/facetted snow and patches of surface hoar lurk. Take care to avoid terrain traps and gullies where small slides can pile up deep. As strong sunshine hits the freshly-loaded storm snow on steep SE-S-SW aspects, natural avalanches will be likely as well. Be sure to stay away from solar aspects if the sun is out today.

Problem #2: Persistent Slab

Location: ALL elevationsclearings in the trees, and specific slopes above treeline (mainly slopes sheltered from NW winds) where surface hoar formed over the last 2-3 weeks and wasn't blown away by NW winds. 

A new layer of surface hoar that formed over the last week is now buried under this week's new snow. There are also areas of buried surface hoar lingering three layers down (roughly 20-60cm deep). We observed areas of natural wind slab avalanches running in low-angle terrain as mellow as 25-degrees, indicating how slick this weak layer is. These dangerous weak layers will persist for several weeks until they can be crushed and flushed out by lots of heavy snowfall. Be sure to dig around in wind sheltered areas to look for "the thin grey line" and clean shears. Assume this weak layer to be present in wind-sheltered areas. Use extra caution in openings around treeline, and avoid wind-sheltered rollovers in the alpine.

Avalanche Activity

Reports from this weekend found more isolated recent surface slabs (D1-D2) in steep, wind loaded terrain (S-SE-E aspects). Also notable was whumphing in areas of thin snowpack in the alpine areas of the transitional zone, and widespread whumphing Tuesday (2/19) in the Lutak zone.

Over the last two-three weeks, we've had reports of isolated surface wind slab avalanches (D1-D2), both natural and human-triggered, in top-loaded and cross-loaded terrain between 2500-5000ft. Some wind slabs were sliding on low-angle slopes as low as 25 degrees, and appeared to be sliding on a buried surface hoar layer 10-30cm deep. Distribution of these avalanches was limited to wind loaded areas that had been protected from strong N/NW winds.


After 6 weeks of cold and mostly dry weather (including our least-snowy January on record), we've received 6-18" of new snow in the last week. Friday will bring clearing skies and moderate northwest winds. The weekend looks gorgeous, with decreasing north winds, cool temperatures, and lots of sunshine.

   Snow Depth [in] Last 24-hr Snow/SWE [in] Last 5-days Snow/SWE [in]  Today's Freezing Level [ft]  Today's Winds Next 24-hr Snow/SWE
Mount Ripinsky @ treeline
 65" 12" / 1.00  18" / 1.50   0  mod, NW 0" / 0.00     *
Flower Mountain @ treeline
 44" 7" / 0.50  10" / 0.70   0 mod, NW 0" / 0.00     *
Chilkat Pass @ 3,100ft
 27" 5" / 0.30  6" / 0.40   0 mod, NW 0" / 0.00    *

( *star means meteorological estimate )

Additional Information

If you get out riding, please send in an observation!

Do a rescue practice with your partners. Always carry a beacon, shovel, and probe, and KNOW HOW TO USE THEM.

Practice good risk management, which means only expose one person at a time to slopes 30 degrees and steeper, make group communication and unanimous decision making a priority, and choose your terrain wisely: eliminating unnecessary exposure and planning out your safe zones and escape routes.