Forecast Expired - 12/17/2021

Above 4,000ftConsiderable

2,000 to 4,000ftConsiderable

Below 2,000ftModerate

Degrees of Avalanche Danger

Avalanche Problems

Problem 1

Wind Slab:

Triggering a wind slab avalanche 2- 3 feet deep is likely today on lee aspects (SE-NW) of terrain recently exposed to wind.  Wind slabs that were 2 feet deep were found to be very reactive on lee aspects of test slopes in the Catchers Mitt area on 12/14.  These were failing on faceted snow, meaning they will likely stay reactive longer than your typical windslab.  Visibilities were limited in the area on 12/14.  Although, several D2-2.5 natural avalanches were observed on southerly aspects with average crown depths of 2-3 feet with max depths of 6 feet observed.  Windslabs were generally found to be 4 finger to 1 finger in hardness with shooting cracks traveling up to 20 feet in length.  The hazard for this avalanche problem will be less in areas that were protected from the recent outflow wind event beginning 12/11.  In these areas triggering a persistent slab avalanche (see problem 2) will be possible in terrain steeper than 32°.

 Wind slab avalanches will have the potential to step down into deeper faceted layers in our snowpack, (see problem 2) and produce larger avalanches.  Avoid recently wind loaded slopes in terrain steeper than 32°.  The hazard for this avalanche problem will be slowly decreasing as wind speeds decrease and the snowpack adjusts to this change..





  • Almost Certain
  • Very Likely
  • Likely
  • Possible
  • Unlikely


  • Historic
  • Very Large
  • Large
  • Small


  • Increasing
  • Steady
  • Decreasing

Problem 2

Persistent Slab:

There is a 2-3+ foot deep slab sitting on the November facets.    These facets have continued to show easy to moderate propagation results in ECT and PST stability tests.  Red flags such as shooting cracks, large collapses and natural avalanches have been present in the Thompson Pass area lately.  This is a bullseye indicator that our persistent avalanche problem is still active.


 Very strong northeast winds have recently loaded lee aspects, further stressing facets in these areas.  In areas exposed to wind, the slab overlying the November facets have variable depths.  These range from scoured down to the facets (little to no slab) on windward aspects to 2-4 feet deep on lee aspects (dense wind slabs).  In areas exposed to recent winds the avalanche problem is confined to specific areas (lee aspects).


 In areas sheltered from the wind the slab thicknesses are more uniform.  In these area the persistent avalanche problem is widespread.  A skier or snowmachine may be able to directly affect these weak layers and could trigger avalanches in terrain steeper than 30°.  With this type of avalanche problem it is also possible to trigger avalanches remotely from flat terrain.  At the present moment this problem layer is 2-3 feet deep in most locations.  Red flags such as collapsing and shooting cracks are a sign that slopes steeper than 30° could produce an avalanche.



The only successful mitigation practices for a persistent slab avalanche problem are patience, and a conservative approach in choosing terrain.  Good protocols are very important as well during this type of avalanche problem ie: only exposing one person at a time to an avalanche prone slope, good communication and having an escape route should a slope fail.



Photo of Remote triggered/sympathetic avalanches on 12/8 


1cm+ chained facet found buried 40 cms (16″) on Catchers Mitt 3500′ SE aspect.








  • Almost Certain
  • Very Likely
  • Likely
  • Possible
  • Unlikely


  • Historic
  • Very Large
  • Large
  • Small


  • Increasing
  • Steady
  • Decreasing

Avalanche Activity

12/14-  Several natural avalanches were observed although poor visibility prevented a full view of the action.  The most notable natural was observed in Nicks Happy Valley on a NW aspect ~4000′.  Crown depth was not visible.  Debris ran down the valley and piled up at the typical snowmachine pickup.

12/8- Large remote trigger/ sympathetic avalanche event occurred 12/8 with avalanches extending from Gully 1 to Nicks.  Avalanches were soft slabs that ranged in size from D1-D3.  Over 10 separate avalanches were counted with crown depths averaging 2-3′.  One avalanche had a crown length of half a mile while another was triggered over a mile away from the point of collapse.  See observation section for full report and more photos.

12/7- Only a few natural avalanches were noted during the last storm.  It is likely there were more during the storm, but crowns may have been filled in by subsequent wind and snow.

D2’s on Town mountain was observed ~3000′

A couple of D2’s were noted in N. Oddessey gully and Big Oddessey.

D2 on 40.5 mile peak ~5500′.

12/2-12/3- Several natural D2 avalanches were noted on south aspects of Three pigs, Hippie Ridge and Averys.  These windslab avalanches originated between 4000-5500 feet elevation.


NWS Watches and Warnings


Point forecast for Thompson Pass


Snow, mainly after 9am. High near 7. East wind 5 to 10 mph. Chance of precipitation is 90%. Total daytime snow accumulation of around an inch possible.
Snow before 9pm, then snow showers after 9pm. Low around 6. East wind 5 to 10 mph becoming north after midnight. Chance of precipitation is 100%. New snow accumulation of 1 to 2 inches possible.
Snow showers likely, mainly before 9am. Partly sunny, with a high near 12. North wind 10 to 20 mph. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New snow accumulation of less than a half inch possible.
Friday Night
A 30 percent chance of snow after 3am. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 4. North wind around 5 mph becoming calm in the evening.
Snow likely, mainly between 9am and noon. Mostly cloudy, with a high near 16. Calm wind becoming north around 5 mph in the afternoon. Chance of precipitation is 60%.
Saturday Night
Mostly clear, with a low around 10. North wind 15 to 20 mph increasing to 25 to 30 mph after midnight. Winds could gust as high as 40 mph.
Mostly sunny, with a high near 17.

 Detailed forecast for Thompson Pass (mid elevation 2000-4000′)

DATE             THURSDAY 12/16          FRIDAY 12/17            
TIME (LT)        06    12    18    00    06    12    18    00    06
CLOUD COVER      OV    OV    OV    OV    OV    SC    SC    OV    OV
CLOUD COVER (%)  80   100   100    90    75    40    40    75    75
TEMPERATURE       3     6     7     8     9    10    10    12    13
MAX/MIN TEMP                  7           5          13           6
WIND DIR         SE    SE     E     E    NE    NE    SE     S     S
WIND (MPH)        6    11    11     6     8     9     3     3     3
WIND GUST (MPH)                                                    
PRECIP PROB (%)  70    90   100    90    60    10    10    30    60
PRECIP TYPE       S     S     S     S     S     S           S     S
12 HOUR QPF                0.09        0.11        0.02        0.02
12 HOUR SNOW                1.6         2.0         0.2         0.0
SNOW LEVEL (KFT)0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0

Snow and Temperature Measurements


Date: 12/16 24 hr snow  HN24W* High Temp Low Temp Weekly SWE (Monday- Sunday) December Snowfall Season Snowfall HS (Snowpack depth)
Valdez 0 0 16 4 .1 48 72 22
Thompson Pass 0 0 10 -8 .2 36 155 24
46 Mile 0 0 -5 -10 .25 25 25**  19


All snowfall measurements are expressed in inches and temperature in Fahrenheit. 24 hour sample period is from 6am-6am. 

* 24 hour snow water equivalent/ SWE.

** Season total snowfall measurements for 46 mile began December 1st.


Season history graphs for Thompson Pass

















Click on links below to see a clear and expanded view of above Season history graphs


TP WX as of 11/29



Additional Information

Winter weather began early this season, with valley locations receiving their first snowfall on the last day of Summer (September 21st).  Following this storm, above average temperatures and wet weather occurred from late September through early November.  During this time period Thompson Pass received 96 inches of  snowfall by November 7th and Valdez recorded 7.73″ of rain.  

After the 7th of November our region experienced a sharp weather pattern change.  Temperatures dropped below seasonal norms and snowfall became infrequent.  Between the time frame of November 7th- November 28th Thompson Pass only reported 19″ of snow with 1.1″ of Snow water equivalent (SWE).  Temperatures remained below 0° F for most of the period.   This cold/dry weather caused significant faceting of the snowpack, with poor structure the result.

Moderate snowfall returned to our area the last day of November and deposited 6-12 inches of new snow.  The amount varied depending upon the locations’ proximity to the coast.  As the storm exited on the 2nd of December it was quickly replaced by moderate to strong northeast winds.  

On 12/5-12/6 Valdez received 2 feet of new snow with Thompson Pass reporting 16″.  Blaring red flags like collapsing, shooting cracks and propagation in stability tests were immediately present.  On 12/8 a significant remote/ sympathetic avalanche event occurred from Gully 1 through Nick’s Happy Valley. 

Strong outflow winds began on 12/11 with periods of light snowfall.  This has caused slab thicknesses to become variable in areas exposed to NE winds.



The avalanche hazard is Considerable above 2000′.  Triggering a wind slab avalanche 1-3 feet deep will be likely today in specific locations.  Avoid recently wind loaded terrain steeper than 32° and areas where red flags are present.


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