Forecast Expired - 12/24/2022

Above 4,000ftConsiderable

2,000 to 4,000ftConsiderable

Below 2,000ftConsiderable

The Avy Rose shows the forecasted danger by elevation and aspect.

It adds more detail about where you are likely to find the dangers mentioned in the forecast. The inner circle shows upper elevations (mountain top), the second circle is middle elevations, and the outer circle represents lower elevations.

Think of the Rose as a birds-eye view of a mountain, looking down from above. The rose allows our forecasters to visually show you which parts of the mountain they are most concerned about.


Degrees of Avalanche Danger

Avalanche Problems

Problem 1

Wind Slab:

Very strong outflow (north) winds have returned to our area.  These are forecasted to be much stronger than the wind event directly following the 12/15 storm.  The increased strength will also mean a greater area is affected.  On 12/22 there were many areas were sheltered powder still existed.  These are the areas that will have the highest hazard today as there is a significant amount of snow for transport and wind speeds should be ripe for building dangerous wind slabs (25-35mph) in these areas.  In places that were previously damaged by wind, such as locations in close proximity to Thompson Pass summit, winds speeds of 60-70 mph are expected.  The avalanche hazard will be less in these areas although remains possible, as there is not as much snow available for transport (already been blown away).  In addition, the strength of winds that are expected will be stripping and sublimating transported snow rather than depositing it.  Where it does get deposited expect to find wind slab formation further down from ridge lines than you may expect.


Either way wind slabs will be forming today and will be initially reactive to human triggers 1-2 feet in depth.


Asses the hazard of this avalanche problem by paying attention to what slopes are loaded, how deep and their sensitivity.  Watch for signs of instability such as shooting cracks and collapsing that would indicate a slope has the potential to produce an avalanche.




  • Almost Certain
  • Very Likely
  • Likely
  • Possible
  • Unlikely


  • Historic
  • Very Large
  • Large
  • Small


  • Increasing
  • Steady
  • Decreasing

Problem 2

Persistent Slab:

Persistent weaknesses in our snowpack will be receiving increased pressure today in specific areas due to wind loaded snow.

Faceted snow near the base of the snowpack has been identified in all three forecast zones. In most locations above brush line, faceted snow is capped by pencil-knife hard wind affected snow.  This has created a strong bridging affect making a person or machines weight unlikely to directly affect these layers. 

Our area received 3-4 inches of snow water equivalent over a 5 day period beginning 12/11.  This put significant stress on these weak layers.  Natural avalanches did occur, but activity was not widespread and natural avalanches were mostly confined to the storm snow.  This points to the strength of the wind hardened snow overlying the weak facets at the base of our snowpack. 

It has been five days since the last significant snowfall event and stability tests that directly target these layers have not produced propagation since.  One exception was an interior location  just north of our continental forecast zone where propagation in stability tests still existed on 12/18.

Persistent weak layers are tricky to assess and are notorious for surprising people.  As long as temperatures remain cold and our snowpack is thin, these weak layers will continue to lose strength.  It is likely that facets will reactivate in the future when stress is being applied through dramatic changes in weather such as: significant snow accumulation, rapid warming and wind loading.  Maintaining safe travel protocols such as skiing one at a time and avoiding traveling in or above terrain traps will increase your safety margin.  

 The most likely areas to trigger a persistent slab avalanche would be in steep terrain that was protected from previous strong winds that have occurred this season. This could be below brushline or in areas of terrain that are typically spared from outflows.  The Continental zone remains suspect as this area has a weaker snowpack and generally receives less wind, which would decrease the bridging affect mentioned above.




  • Almost Certain
  • Very Likely
  • Likely
  • Possible
  • Unlikely


  • Historic
  • Very Large
  • Large
  • Small


  • Increasing
  • Steady
  • Decreasing

Avalanche Activity

Below is a summary of observed Avalanche activity from the last 7 days.  Avalanches that were noted earlier in the season can be viewed by clicking the link below.

If you trigger or observe a natural avalanche consider leaving a  public observation.

Valdez Avalanche Activity

No recent avalanche activity has been recorded in the last 7 days.  Although, it is likely there was some natural activity on the 16th as outflow winds arrived.


Check out our updated weather tab!  A collection of local weather stations are available for viewing with graphs and tabular data included.

NWS Watches and warnings

Northeast Prince William Sound-
Including the cities of Valdez and Thompson Pass
415 AM AKST Fri Dec 23 2022



* WHAT...For the Blizzard Warning, blizzard conditions expected.
  Winds gusting as high as 65 mph. Visibility reduced to as low as
  1/4 mile in blowing snow. There will not be any new snow for
  this event, just blowing around of existing snow on the ground.
  For the Wind Chill Advisory, very cold wind chills. Wind chills
  as low as 50 below zero.

* WHERE...For the Blizzard Warning, Thompson Pass and Valdez. For
  the Wind Chill Advisory, Thompson Pass.

* WHEN...For the Blizzard Warning, until 8 PM AKST this evening.
  For the Wind Chill Advisory, until 1 PM AKST Saturday.

* IMPACTS...Widespread blowing snow will significantly reduce
  visibility. The hazardous conditions could impact travel on area
  roadways due to the reduced visibility and drifting of snow. The
  dangerously cold wind chills could cause frostbite on exposed
  skin in as little as 5 minutes.

* ADDITIONAL DETAILS...The strongest winds are expected between
  early morning and mid afternoon Friday. Winds are then expected
  to slowly diminish Friday evening through Saturday. Temperatures
  are expected to drop throughout the day with the coldest wind
  chill values later this afternoon through Saturday.

NWS Point forecast for Thompson Pass
Widespread blowing snow. Sunny, with a temperature falling to around -14 by 3pm. Wind chill values as low as -50. North wind 40 to 45 mph, with gusts as high as 65 mph.
A 20 percent chance of snow after midnight. Areas of blowing snow. Increasing clouds, with a low around -14. Wind chill values as low as -50. Northeast wind around 40 mph, with gusts as high as 55 mph.
Snow likely, mainly between 9am and 3pm. Areas of blowing snow. Cloudy, with a high near 3. Wind chill values as low as -40. Northeast wind around 35 mph, with gusts as high as 45 mph. Chance of precipitation is 60%. New snow accumulation of 1 to 3 inches possible.
Saturday Night
Snow likely, mainly between 9pm and 3am. Areas of blowing snow. Mostly cloudy, with a low around -2. Northeast wind around 30 mph, with gusts as high as 40 mph. Chance of precipitation is 70%.
Christmas Day
A 50 percent chance of snow. Areas of blowing snow before 9am. Mostly cloudy, with a high near 10. Northeast wind around 25 mph, with gusts as high as 30 mph.
Sunday Night
A 50 percent chance of snow before 9pm. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 3. Northeast wind 20 to 30 mph decreasing to 10 to 20 mph after midnight.
Detailed forecast for Thompson Pass Mid elevation (2000-4000 Feet)
Date               Friday 12/23/22         Saturday 12/24/22       
Time (LT)          06    12    18    00    06    12    18    00    06
Cloud Cover        CL    FW    FW    OV    OV    OV    OV    OV    OV
Cloud Cover (%)     5    10    25    70    85    95    85    85    75
Temperature        -1   -10   -12    -9    -7    -4     2     6     9
Max/Min Temp                   -1         -12           3          -1
Wind Dir           NE    NE    NE    NE    NE    NE    NE    NE    NE
Wind (mph)         33    33    32    29    26    23    17    12    11
Wind Gust (mph)    63    57    55    50    46    42    40    36    29
Precip Prob (%)     0     0     5    20    40    70    40    70    40
Precip Type                           S     S     S     S     S     S
12 Hour QPF                  0.00        0.02        0.16        0.10
12 Hour Snow                  0.0         0.0         2.1         1.2
Snow Level (kft)  0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0
Click on link below for Thompson Pass weather history graph:






24 hr snow HN24W* High temp Low temp 72 hour SWE* December snowfall Seasonal snowfall Snowpack Depth
Valdez 0 0 27 6 .1 50 85 38
Thompson pass  0 0 8 -22 .12 73 175 32
46 mile 0 0 -12 -22 N/O ~22 ~29** 27



*HN24W- 24 hour Snow water equivalent in inches

*SWESnow water equivalent

**46 mile seasonal snowfall total begins December 1st.

Additional Information


Click on the link below for a running summary of this seasons weather history of our area.

Valdez Weather History


The avalanche hazard is Considerable at all elevations.  Very strong north wind will be building windslabs on lee aspects that were previously protected from the wind.  Human triggered avalanches are likely in specific locations 1-2 feet in depth.

Posted by Gareth Brown 12/23  8:00am.


For a description of current avalanche problems, weather information, season history and more click the (+ full forecast) button.  Avalanche forecasts will be issued Wednesday-Sunday.